15/04/2012

=> Phoenix - HEARD Museum; Hopi Culture

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HEARD Museum

American Indian Art and History

Native American crafts from the 19th and 20th centuries

 34505 North Scottsdale Road Scottsdale, AZ 85262

Phoenix - Arizona

http://www.heard.org/

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Le Heard Museum de Phoenix situé dans un superbe bâtiment de style colonial, est un Musée consacré à la culture et l'art des amérindiens. Il expose une grande collection d'objets (plus de 2000) qui illustrent le style de vie des indiens d'Amérique du Nord du 19e et 20e siècles.

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Le Heard Museum se compose d'un ensemble de galeries où sont présentées les cultures Apache, Navajo, Zuni, Hopi avec entre autre une exceptionnelle collection de plus de 400 poupées kachinas de la collection Barry M. Goldwater.  

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HOPI ARTS & CRAFTS

Kachina, Jewelry, Pottery

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The Goldwater Collection and the Evolution of Carving 

"My fondest wish for the future of this collection is that students of all ages will be able to visit and study it and emerge with a full understanding of what the Katsina means ..."

Senator Barry M. Goldwater 

In 1964, Senator Barry M. Goldwater announced that he was donating his collection of more than 400 katsina dolls to the Heard Museum. Goldwater had made his first visit to the Hopi villages as a boy, and this began a lifelong love of the culture, land and people of the region. Goldwater's collection grew through the years, including examples of the varied styles of the katsina doll carving as the art form changed over time. ln the late 1950s. he began commissioning carvings from Oswald "White Bear" Fredericks, and eventually added to his collection more than 90 dolls by that carver. 

The dolls are carved from cottonwood roots, with each doll representing a specific Katsina spirit. Katsina dolls from more than 100 years ago are static figures with little detail and colored with mineral paint. Outside interest in the carved figures began in the late 1800s, and over time the carvings have become popular item in the cultural art market. 

Texte from Heard Museum

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Ray Naja (1933-1975), Hopi-Tewa.
Niman Ceremony at Walpi Village, c. 1965 

During the Niman Ceremony, the Niman Katsinas present gifts as prayers for health and prosperity to Hopi children before returning to their homes in the San Francisco Peaks. The man with long hair who is wearing a kilt, assists in the care of the Katsinas. He prays for rain. When he explained this painting, Clifford Lomahaftewa, Hopi, said, "If he sees clouds, he will put his shoes on. othewise, he will stay barefoot."

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Hopi, Ceramic tiles, c. 1895

Although collected in 1913, these tiles were created in the style that was prevalent before 1895. Hundreds of tiles were made for tourists, shortly before and after 1900.

1. Salakmana
2. Sakwahote
3. Niman Katsina
4. Sio Hemis katsina

5. Hopi, Canteen, 1890-1900
This canteen has the face of Tawa, the Sun, painted on it.

6. Hopi, Canteen, late-1800s
A Pahllhikmana is painted on this canteen.

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hpoi,kachina,phoenix,arizona,heard museum

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